Category Archives: Nuclear

America's Cold War: The Politics of Insecurity

Campbell Craig, Fredrik Logevall

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Edward Teller participated in the hearing as the only major scientist to testify against Oppenheimer, resulting in his virtual expulsion from the physics community. Myth No. 5: Finally, people have come to believe that nuclear weapons are absolutely necessary. When we respond, there will be no Pakistan." Nuclear bombs aren’t the only payload the B2 carries. These are historically called atom bombs or A-bombs, though this name is not precise due to the fact that chemical reactions release energy from atomic bonds and fusion is no less atomic than fission.

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France, the Soviet Union, and the Nuclear Weapons Issue

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Remarkably, general war has been avoided in a period of rapid and far-reaching changes�decolonization; the rapid economic growth of some states; the formation. tighten�ing, and eventual loosening of blocs; the devel�opment of new technologies; and the emer�gence of new strategies for fighting guerrilla wars and deterring nuclear ones. On the other hand, there is no controversy about whether a large-scale nuclear war could kill hundreds of millions of people and imperil the future of modern civilization, even apart from nuclear winter effects.

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Avoiding Armageddon: America, India, and Pakistan to the

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Furthermore, we know almost nothing about how the Israeli nuclear command and control system worked in 1973, if indeed Israel had any rigid formal procedures. In addition Japan, seeing China's conventional military strength, may feel it can no longer rely on America for protection. Everyone involved in the end of war had some stakes in thinking one way or another about the role and necessity of the atomic bombs. A B-83 nuclear weapon casing that contained a megaton range warhead.

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Nuclear Weapons After the Cold War: Guidelines for U.S.

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A different design was used to detonate the bomb dropped on Nagasaki. To produce pure heavy water by electrolysis requires a large cascade of electrolysis chambers, and consumes large amounts of power. The bomb bay didn't leave much room for anything other than the bomb, so Kulka had to stick his arm down into the bay and literally grope around like a blind man, searching for the unset pin. His wife committed suicide in 1915, tormented by her husband's horrific contribution to the war [, July 1997, p. 81].

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Games of Chicken: Four Decades of U.S. Nuclear Policy

David Schwartzman

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The word for snake (ophis) is the same word used to describe Satan in 12:9 (see also 12:14, 15, 20:2 cf. An Iranian bomb certainly would, however, reinforce the country’s regional supremacy. The world’s first nuclear explosion: Trinity test fireball at .025 seconds. The black�mailer�s nuclear threat is not a cheap way of working one�s will. Officials from both nations came to believe that the nuclear arms race was reaching a dangerous level.

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Highly Enriched Uranium: Striking a Balance - A Historical

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It committed the United States not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons against any Latin American state party to the treaty. Workers handled mustard gas, a chemical weapon that causes large blisters to exposed skin and lungs Horror: Mustard gas is a debilitating and potentially fatal gas weapon, used to infamous effect extensively in the First World war A worker who handled the mustard gas weapons and checked them for leaks was interviewed about her vital role.

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A Nuclear Family Vacation: Travels in the World of Atomic

Nathan Hodge

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In recent years our aid has amounted to a seventh or an eighth of Israel�s GNP yearly. The aim of this research was to: Find out more about people’s attitudes to nuclear weapons and their knowledge surrounding Britain’s nuclear weapons system, Trident, ahead of the government’s decision on whether to renew the system – due to be made in 2016. The ‘Pressures’ transcript features the girls impulsively discussing the pressures of being in year eleven and having exams.

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Iran's Revolutionary Guard

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He never raised with these advisers the question of how far the American people would support a decision to use the bomb in Vietnam.[52] Johnson had spoken out strongly during the 1964 presidential campaign when Senator Barry Goldwater, campaigning for the Republican presidential nomination in May 1964, suggested in a speech that tactical nuclear weapons should be treated more like conventional weapons, and that they should be used in Vietnam. In the history of warfare, two nuclear weapons have been detonated — both by the United States, during the closing days of World War II.

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Nuclear Risk Reduction in South Asia (Henry L. Stimson

Michael Krepon

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Fischer, “A Cold War Conundrum: The 1983 Soviet War Scare,” Center for the Study of Intelligence, July 7, 2008, https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/a-cold-war-conundrum/source.htm. 11. Reportedly, China and Pakistan store all of their weapons separate from launching vehicles. The Imperial tacnet rapidly swelled as the thousands of missiles in their opening barrage linked into the network.

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Nuclear Fallout from the Nevada Test Site 1951-1970 in

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That’s something in the region of 3800 times more powerful than the bomb used against Hiroshima. S. and the USSR left standing as the world's two superpowers in the post-war era, an ideological show-down developed between capitalism and communism. Numerous developments in technology contributed to U. The individual opinions put all this in a better light. Fire simply has the potential to be enormously destructive and lethal in an urban environment., points out that on a single raid about 500 tons of oil incendiaries and 600 tons of 4-pound magnesium incendiaries were dropped on Hamburg. "The incendiaries were designed to penetrate roof and floors into the interior of buildings, where test had shown that fires were most effectively set."

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